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Processes of Speleogenessis. A modeling approach
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Knjiga Processes of speleogenessis: a modeling approach (Procesi speleogeneze: modelski pristop) ponuja izčrpen vpogled v procese in dinamiko razvoja kraškega razpoklinskega sistema. Na podlagi numeričnih modelov odgovarja na vprašanja, kako hitro in kje se v različnih pogojih razvijajo kraški kanali ter kateri parametri vplivajo na njihov razvoj. Knjigi je dodana zgoščenka, na kateri so rezultati najbolj tipičnih primerov prikazani v obliki animacij.

Četrtina svetovnega prebivalstva, v Sloveniji pa kar polovica, se oskrbuje z vodo iz kraških vodonosnikov. V krasu se zaradi vodotopnosti kamnin razvije mreža kraških kanalov, ki močno spremeni hidravlične lastnosti vodonosnika in omogoča hiter transport snovi. Zaradi izjemne heterogenosti in neznanega položaja kanalov, ki nosijo večino toka, je opredelitev kraških vodonosnikov težka, zato je poglobljeno poznavanje narave in razvoja kraških vodonosnikov izredno pomembno. Knjiga prinaša urejen in izčrpen pregled obravnavane tematike na enem mestu. Ponuja izčrpen vpogled v procese in dinamiko razvoja kraškega razpoklinskega sistema. Na podlagi numeričnih modelov odgovarja na vprašanja, kako hitro in kje se v različnih pogojih razvijajo kraški kanali ter kateri parametri vplivajo na njihov razvoj.

Kazalo vsebine

FOREWORD (Derek Ford)

PREFACE

1. INTRODUCTION

1.1 Karst: understanding it and the aim of this work

1.2 A karst aquifer and its properties

1.3 Conceptual models of cave development in karst aquifers

1.4 Models derived from basic principles of physics and chemistry

1.5 The concept of this work and the philosophy behind it

2. EQUILIBRIUM CHEMISTRY AND DISSOLUTION KINETICS OF LIMESTONE IN H2O-CO2 SOLUTIONS

2.1 Equilibrium chemistry of H2O-CO2–CaCO3 system

2.2 Chemical kinetics of the of H2O-CO2–CaCO3 system

3. THE EVOLUTION OF A SINGLE FRACTURE

3.1 Evolution under constant head conditions: The feedback mechanism and b breakthrough

3.2 The influence of fracture roughness on karstification times

3.3 Evolution of a single fracture with varying lithology

3.4 The influence of subterranean CO2 sources on the initial karstification of a single fracture

3.5 The role of mixing corrosion in early karst evolution

3.6 Evolution of a single fracture with constant recharge

4. MODELING KARST EVOLUTION ON TWO-DIMENSIONAL NETWORKS: CONSTANT HEAD BOUNDARY CONDITIONS

4.1 Modeling domain

4.2 Percolation networks

4.3 Evolution of 2-D percolation networks and breakthrough

4.4 Statistical 2D-networks

4.5 One step closer to reality. The dual-fracture system

4.6 Geochemical boundary conditions

4.7 Mixing corrosion in dual-fracture aquifers

4.8 Mixing corrosion and breakthrough

4.9 Dual-fracture aquifer: Mixing corrosion from differently vegetated areas

4.10 Dual- fracture aquifer: Subterranean input of CO2

4.11 Evolution of dual-fracture aquifers after breakthrough: Integration of conduits

4.12 Concluding remarks

5. UNCONFINED AQUIFERS UNDER VARIOUS BOUNDARY CONDITIONS

5.1 Calculation of the water table and the evolution of an unconfined aquifer

5.2 Scenario A: The evolution of unconfined aquifers under conditions of constant recharge

5.3 Scenario B: A combination of constant recharge and constant head boundary conditions in a dual-fracture aquifer

5.4 Scenario C: Two valleys of different altitude at the margins of the plateau.

5.5 Mixing corrosion in unconfined aquifers

5.6 Evolution of unconfined aquifers under unevenly distributed recharge

5.7 Unconfined aquifers under miscellaneous boundary conditions

6. KARSTIFICATION BELOW DAM SITES

6.1 Basic settings and modeling domain

6.2. Numerical results for scenarios with uniform nets

6.3 Numerical results for scenarios with statistical nets

6.4 Influence of basic hydrological and geochemical parameters on breakthrough time

6.5. Examples of more complex geological settings

6.6. Conclusion

7. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES

8. BIBLIOGRAPHY

GUEST CHAPTER by Sebastian Bauer, Steffen Birk, Rudolf Liedl and Martin Sauter

SIMULATION OF KARST AQUIFER GENESIS USING A DOUBLE PERMEABILITY APPROACH INVESTIGATION FOR CONFINED AND UNCONFINED SETTINGS

1. Introduction

2. Model formulation

3. Influence of exchange flow on early karstification

4. Karst development in confined settings

4.1 Single conduit development

4.2 Conduit network

5. Karst development in unconfined settings

6. Karst development under man made conditions

7. Conclusions

GUEST CHAPTER by Georg Kaufmann

STRUCTURE AND EVOLUTION OF KARST AQUIFERS: A FINITE-ELEMENT NUMERICAL MODELLING APPROACH

1. Introduction

1.1. Aquifer geometry

1.2. Aquifer response

2. Theory

2.1. Dissolution kinetics of CaCO3-CO2-H2O system

2.2. Flow and evolution of single fracture

2.3. Aquifer network

3. Results for flat-lying strata

3.1. Long-term evolution

3.2. Short-term spring response

Založnik

Založba ZRC

ISBN

961-6500-91-0

Specifikacija

mehka vezava • 17 × 24 cm • 376 strani • CD-ROM • 250 slik in 8 tabel

E-objave

(70 MB)